They form their plans and projects as if they were sure of living to see them executed. Then, changing the subject, he said, 'I purpose to go and settle at Alexandria, because the air of that city is salubrious.' And thus it is that omission is at times worse than commission; and more souls are in jeopardy for things left undone than for things done. 4:13-15). James has outlined the right thing to do, not only in this chapter but in the previous three chapters. So he is bringing out that we can sin by what we do, by the attitude that we take up towards life, and by what we do not do, doing genuine good towards others. It is not the purpose of the text to condemn sins of omission. We should note that the emphasis here, as throughout his letter, is on what we should be doing, not on a negative ‘what we should not do’. James reverts to James 1:22-24. Doing good wherever possible), and yet does not do it, then that is sin. God is making it clear that these Christians are without excuse if they fail to apply the teachings in this letter. Barnes's James 4:17 Bible Commentary Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin - That is, he is guilty of sin if he does not do it. умевается, что они не делали то, что должны были делать. Therefore, to one who knows the right thing to do and does not do it, to him it is sin. Evangelize, Don't Fossilize! that amidst all the wounds from sin, which, in the present warfare thou art daily sustaining, bless thy God and Savior, the issue of the conflict is not doubtful. Soon thou shalt have done with all earthly employments, and the everlasting enjoyment of God in Christ will be thy portion forevermore. To him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin. Although this verse may be regarded as standing independent of what has preceded, and as being in the form of a more or less inexact quotation, it is quite permissible to take it with what has gone before. We have the law of God, which is a rule to all; let us not presume to set up our own notions and opinions as a rule to those about us, and … The general principle is here stated: knowledge without practice is imputed to a man as presumptuous sin. Not everybody who grows old, grows up; there is a vast difference between age and maturity 2. Themembers of a small group Bible study gather to discuss personalevangelism, none of whom have ever persistently shared their faith. James 4:17. What they should therefore do is recognise that all are in the same situation together, and should do what the Law says, and that is that they should love their neighbours as they love themselves (compare James 2:8, where it is also linked with judgment), and therefore seek to do them good (James 4:17). Give up getting what you want, and willingly receive all the good He gives. This doesn't mean never making plans. It becomes a selfish pursuit of knowledge, and we are … "he is guilty of sin" (Gspd). Having The Mind Of God. . i. The good Samaritan did what was required for a person in need, while the Priest and Levite passed by on the other side (Luke 10:30-37). II Timothy 3:7 speaks of "always learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth." Our lives are short and fragile. James Audio Bible With Music And Commentary. Therefore to him that knoweth to do good. The context indicates that the "good" of which he speaksis the Lord's will (Jas. And it is that that should be our first consideration. Your guilt is even greater, because you, yet did not do it!” This proves there are, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Saady, a celebrated Persian poet, in his Gulistan, gives us a remarkable example of this going from city to city to buy and sell, and get gain. μα αὐτοῦ δαρήσεται πολλάς, τὸ δὲ καλὸν ποιοῦντες μὴ ἐνκακῶμεν, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Life is uncertain. 2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.. 3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts. This text and 4:10 and 5:19 may be explained by this grammatical transition). come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?. Write down your insights. I answered, Hast thou never heard what a traveler said, who fell from his camel in the desert of Joor? Let men of the world, from the world, seek their supreme joy. Make the desire to please God your life’s principle driving force. James returns to the principle that work must serve the needs of oth­ers. Who was James, the brother of Jesus, in the Bible? Find it with your concordance and read it. My soul! It is sin; because it is neglect of known duty. It is a sin to do something which one has moral doubts about, even if it is the right thing to do (Romans 14:23), it is also a sin to know that a thing is right and yet leave it undone. James 4:5, 6; CHUCK SMITH. This verse reveals the beginning of James's answer: submit to God again. This is the way to do that which is good and not in the boastful manner as described. Howpassionate do you suppose their conversation will be? Facing The Unpredictability Of Life. The result is problems -- problems in personal lives, in homes, and in churches... a. James 4:6 James 4:8 Ver. Now, in this final verse of chapter 4, James will drive home one more point. The “heart” denotes the inmost self, and to purify the heart would signify to cease being divided in affection and loyalty. But the true brother knew “to do good,” and did it; and, returning at the end of his work, found his cell full of the radiant presence of the Lord, and heard the words of rich approval—, “Hadst thou stayed, I must have fled.”, And again, in another succession of thoughts on the text, God has no need of human knowledge; no, nor of our ignorance; “and it is a sin to shut the ears to instruction: it is a duty to get knowledge, to increase in knowledge, to abound in knowledge.” Nor must we rest therein, but (2 Peter 1:6-7) “add to knowledge temperance, patience, godliness, brotherly kindness, charity.”. Feelings exhaust themselves and evaporate, if not embodied in practice. And, my soul, see! "Therefore"-Indicating that this verse is connected with the preceding verses. James 4:17. James 4:1 - 4:17. John 9:41). To live without ordering one's life after the Lord's will is to sin against the Almighty. 17 If anyone, then, knows the good they ought to do and doesn’t do it, it is sin for them. The instructions, earlier in the epistle of James, cover a wide range of topics, that enable the believer to live a life that is honouring to the Lord. For if they know what He wants of them and do not do it, for them it is sin. What is pure and … We go day after day, week after week and never tell anyone about Christ…..If we get mad, lose our temper, or say a curse word, we feel terrible. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. Therefore: not a mere general inference drawn from what St. James has said in the previous part of his Epistle, but a particular inference drawn from this spirit of vain boasting. James is primarily speaking to Jews living in Jerusalem who are starting to face persecution. "One of the great tragedies in our day has been that we have come to treat lightly sins of omission. [Note: Moo, p158.]. James 4:17dropdownNew International Versiondropdown. But we can go all week and not do what is the most precious thing a Christian could do and feel no guilt at all. 2 My brothers and sisters, consider yourselves fortunate when all kinds of trials come your way, 3 for you know that when your faith succeeds in facing such trials, the result is the ability to endure. James 4:17 is also some type of closing summary, but its exact relevance to the context is uncertain. It helps us to deal with trials and temptations in a godly manner. 17. 2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. Satan knoweth that he hath but a short time. Ideally, the older we are, the more mature we should be; but too often the ideal does not become the real! What a ‘trial by fire’ that bar must undergo to be worth this! With the general sentence: Whosoever knoweth to do good and doeth it not, to him it is sin, James concludes what he has hitherto said. What does it mean that God is the Father of lights (James 1:17)? The omission of good is undoubtedly a sin, as well as the commission of evil. It is exceptional when we read, for example, in 1 Samuel 12:23, “God forbid that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you”; as a rule sins of omission are regarded as venial, according to the Jewish doctrine, and are not punishable. As we will not act except we feel, so, if we will not act out our feelings, we shall soon cease to feel. The conception of sin according to Rabbinical ideas is well seen in what is called the ‘Al Chêt (i.e., “For the sin,” from the opening words of each sentence in the great Widdui [“Confession”] said on Yom Kippur [“the Day of Atonement”]); in the long list of sins here, mention is made only of committed sins. We have here the statement of an important principle, which is susceptible of endless applications. If anyone among you thinks he is religious: James just explained that real religion is not shown by hearing the word, but by doing it. KNOWING AND DOING- JAMES 4:17 James 4:17: ˝Therefore, to one who knows the right thing to do, and does not do it, to him it is sin. . James 4 - commentary; Sermon Notes for James 4:4; HAMILTON SMITH. Cleansing the hands would have meant repenting and abandoning divinely disapproved conduct. James 4:17 Sins of Omission Considered; JOHN SCHULTZ - former missionary to Papua New Guinea. The people brought before Jesus for judgment had failed in their responsibility to do good to His ‘brothers’, while those who were accepted had done so (Matthew 25:31-46). Having regard to the very Jewish character of our Epistle, it is quite possible that in the verse before us the reference is to this subject of sins of omission. Nothing more injures the soul than wasted impressions. Yea, let them go from city to city, to traffic in the concerns of this world's good. The topic is introduced in James 1:19 but is developed in James 3:1ff. Грехи упущения ведут прямо к грехам допущения. He appoints it its work, and furnishes discretion and power; and its chief excellence consists in being a resolute worker together with him. "to him it is sin"-It is also sin for anyone else that falls into the same category. They assume they are good, simply because they are not bad! James chapter 4 KJV (King James Version) 1 From whence come wars and fightings among you? It is not the purpose of the text to condemn sins of omission. Commentary on James 4:11-17 (Read James 4:11-17) Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. 2 Corinthians 4:17. To know that we are dependent creatures is well; to feel it, and to act suitably, is still better. Let nothing keep thee from the throne of grace. What does it mean that God cannot be tempted (James 1:13)? James 4 - Submit Yourself to God. To do good—Rather, to do well, in opposition to the evil of the last verse. Thinks he is religious: The New Testament never uses this ancient Greek word for “religious”in a positive sense (Acts 17:22, 25:19, 26:5; Colossians 2:23). Knowledge of duty increases obligation to perform it; and the neglect of known duty is sin. Avoiding the judgment of others; 2. This person took me one day to his warehouse, and entertained me a long time with conversation good for nothing. The verse also infers that we can do the right thing (2 Timothy 3:16-17). 'I have,' said he, 'such a partner in Turquestan; such and such property in India; a bond for so much cash in such a province; a security for such another sum.' They should recognise their mortality and put their efforts into what they know that God wants them to do, and that is to ‘do good’. Failure to do this is sin. The doing well is the ceasing from such boasting, and the trusting ourselves to the divine hand. , and the trusting ourselves to the divine hand. It summarizes James" point in the preceding section and states it in a pithy way that is easy to remember. He warns “the rich” to “weep and wail for the miseries that are coming to you” (James 5:1). .—A difficulty presents itself in this verse—whether the application be general, or a particular comment on the words preceding. In the text for this study, James discusses the subject of making plans: 13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: 14 Whereas ye know not what [shall be] on the morrow. Cotton Mather adopted it as a principle of action, "that the ability to do good in any case imposes an obligation to do it." (17) Therefore . They forget that goodness is a positive quality; not merely the absence of the bad" (Woods p. 254). (KJV) We have explained sin as the transgression of the Law. True magnanimity keeps God continually in view. That is far more in accord with what they are than the idea that they have a right to pass judgment. We learn the converse to the evil of vainglory in life, namely, the good which may be wrought by every one. Correcting himself, he said, 'No, I will not go to Alexandria; the African sea (the Mediterranean) is too dangerous. James 4:17. He failed to acknowledge the place God occupies in life (cf. If made into needles it is worth $175. If made into springs for watches it is worth $125,000. We have all the knowledge about what to do and how to live righteously, but if we fail to do it, to put it into practice, it is sin to us. Tests And Triumphs Of Faith: James. WORD AND PHRASE STUDY ÷JAMES 4:11-12. Pride ever sinks where humility swims; for that man who abases himself God will exalt. 378). We cannot take one context of sin and apply it anywhere we see sin in the bible. Previous | Index | Next >> "THE EPISTLE OF JAMES" Making Our Plans (4:13-17) INTRODUCTION 1. But in this group, each Christian is taking bold steps towin others to Christ. We have come to think that it is not nearly as bad if we don"t do something as it is if we do something. 6) it is said that the Day of Atonement brings atonement, even without repentance, for sins of omission; in Pesikta, 7b the words in Zephaniah 1:12, “I will search Jerusalem with candles, and I will punish the men ’,” are commented on by saying, “not by daylight, nor with the torch, but with candles, so as not to detect venial sins,” among these being, of course, included sins of omission. We have built an immunity to the things we don"t do". We must surrender our battles to achieve our own desires, and turn to serve others instead. Of this the Apostle complains in the preceding … THERE is not any thing of which men are more convinced, than the shortness and uncertainty of life: yet in the habit of their minds they live as if they were certain of many months and years to come. Nothing the people in this verse plan to do is explicitly wrong. They are actually doing evangelism, not justtalking about it. However, the statement in this verse is applicable to all that James wrote in this book. James knew that these Christians could understand exactly what he was saying. James Commentary - 74 pages, brief but well done notes (he quotes 54 times from Moo's work) A B SIMPSON. The verse that concludes each major section of James" epistle, each chapter, is a proverbial statement. It is not too difficult to visualize how differentlyeach group might present their belief… Moo warns us against thinking that James is telling us to focus on using specific words when we talk about the future: “James attributes no magical significance to the words themselves. and doeth it not, to him it is sin. 4:13 Faith in the future is iffy. Providence is God's government of the world; he who properly trusts in Divine providence trusts in God; and he who expects God's direction and help must walk uprightly before him; for it is absurd to expect God to be our friend if we continue to be his enemy. ‘To him therefore who knows to do good, and does not do it, to him it is sin.’. Thy God will give thee grace to resist the devil, and he will flee from thee. Knoweth to do good has special reference to the information offered in the preceding verses. to him that knoweth to do good: not to be limited to mere benevolent actions, ‘knoweth to do good works,’ but to embrace our whole moral conduct—‘knoweth to do what is right:’ ‘good’ here is opposed to what is sinful and wrong. 12 There is one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy. ‘If the Lord wills’ can become nothing more than a glib formula without any real meaning.”31 Stronger Jeans (optional): How does the story of the Good Samaritan relate to James 4:17? But I will make another voyage; and after that I will retire into some quiet corner of the world, and give up a mercantile life.' The application in the present case appears to be as follows: You have the unquestionable knowledge of the uncertainty of life; you know that it is your duty to realize your dependence on God; if then you do not do so, it you act as if you were your own masters, to you it is sin. 11 Do not speak evil against one another, brethren. “If you know what is right and good and fail to do it, this makes you guilty of sin. We have come to think that it is not nearly as bad if we don"t do something as it is if we do something. For instance, few of us have any guilt at all over not (talking to others) about Christ. 1 # Mt 13.55; Mk 6.3; Acts 15.13; Gal 1.19 From James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ: Greetings to all God's people scattered over the whole world. So then. This verse is the negative way of phrasing the same concept. If into penknife blades it is worth $1,625. James 4:17. There is always a tendency to reckon the things which are left undone as less serious than actually committed sin; this was certainly, though not wholly so, in Judaism. Sin is missing the mark of what God wants us to do. In Him shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory. (Compare John 9:41.). So there is really only one conclusion that they should come to. Occasions of well-doing lie in the abject at our doors, and the pleadings of pity in our very hearts. bless that gracious, that sovereign, that bountiful God, who, by his quickening and illuminating power, hath opened thine eyes to the view of the awful state in which thou wert born in nature, and the distinguishing mercy manifested to thee in grace; and though still groaning under a body of sin and corruption, bless the Lord for thy redemption in Christ, by which thou hast gotten the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ. 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